Dave Finds

How to repair a corrupted hard disk on Windows 10

When your hard disk is corrupted for some reason, Windows will let you know through some of its automated error codes. One of the most common errors related to a hard disk failure in Windows is “Windows detected a hard disk problem”. Hard disk has its own lifetime and sometimes it can fail too. Through this error, windows are saying your hard disk is about to fail and you have to back up your files immediately to prevent data loss. You can ignore the error and continue error but you will never know when your hard disk is about to correct. So, there are some steps that can help you resolve this error which you can try before replacing the hard drive. If none of the steps was helpful better you have to replace your hard drive immediately.


One of the many reasons for this error is the bad sector on the hard disk. The hard disk contains multiple sectors where each sector stores a fixed amount of user-accessible data. A bad sector on a hard disk is a tiny cluster that appears to be defective or corrupted. Another reason could be If anything goes wrong with the hard disk due to mechanical or logical failure or virus infection on your hard disk.

During this time you will likely to face one of the below problems in your PC:

  • Your computer starts freezing frequently.
  • The system files get corrupted or damaged.
  • Your computer suddenly stops responding or turns into an unbootable state.
  • You notice that some of your files have been lost or become inaccessible.
  • Your computer starts showing the error “Blue Screen of Death”.

Solution #1 – Run Antivirus Software

If your computer is infected by any kind of malware or virus, you should remove it by using a reliable Antivirus application. Antivirus application thoroughly scans the computer and remove all the viruses and other malicious content causing from your PC.

Solution #2 – Run System File Checker (SFC)

System File Checker is a built-in standard troubleshooting tool in the Windows operating system. You can use these tools to fix many issues that cause trouble with your computer. SFC commands will scan your computer for corruption, fix integrity errors, and restore Windows system files. To do that, follow the steps given below:

  • First, press the Win button to open the Start menu, and enter cmd in the search field. You can see the Command Prompt, right-click it and select “Run as Administrator”.
  • Click Yes.
  • On the Command Prompt window, type the command sfc /scanow and hit Enter.

Note: Wait for the commands to complete it may take time depends on your hard disk condition. Sometimes the System File Checker tool fails to find the replaceable files in the cache.

Solution #3 – Run Check Disk (chkdsk) Tool

Check disk is another option to perform if none of the above solutions solve your problem. This check disk tool scans the hard disk drive for bad sectors and repairs them.

Follow the steps given below to run the Check Disk tool via cmd:

  • First, press Win+R on the desktop to open the Windows Run box. Now type cmd in the box and press Enter.
  • On the Command Prompt, “chkdsk g: /f /r /x” and press Enter. (Here G is the drive letter of the disk you want to run the Check Disk tool for).

Solution #4 – Reinstall Windows

If any of the above solutions do not work for you, maybe reinstalling the Windows operating system can fix this hard disk problem. But before you can do that, do not forget to take a complete system backup. Also, make sure that the system partition has enough free space before you can install the Windows operating system.

Solution #5 – Replace the hard disk

Even after reinstalling the Windows did not resolve this error is the time you have to replace your hard disk. If the device in warranty contacts your manufacture they will replace the hard disk for you. If the device is out of warranty take the device to the nearest local service center or if you are a tech person you can replace the hard disk yourself. But before do so backup your hard disk and possible if your damage hard disk using disk wiper software to completely delete your personal data on the hard disk.